Airport Berlin-Brandenburg, Germany  -  although not opened yet, already a place for Art
Suspended piece of artwork at Berlin's new Airport
Berlin Airport's Check-In Terminal is decorated with Californian artist Pae White's artwork "The Magic Carpet", covering a surface of almost 1,000m² and shining in a warm red.
Airports are predestined to present artwork to the public, being a place where people come and go, where they have to cope with waiting times and might be ready to waste a philosophical thought about modern travelling and transportation in general. In this case the idea of showing a flying carpet represents the passenger's mobility and travel plans, and makes one think about reality or imagination.
The artwork of a size of 37 x 27 metres consists of around 500 aluminium elements, being suspended by approximately 150 stainless steel cable assemblies from the Check-In Hall's ceiling.
The open and fine metal structure nicely reflects the light and makes for an impressing piece of decoration.
Carl Stahl's product range I-SYS stainless steel cable system is available with wire rope diameters from 2 - 26mm and with a variety of different terminals and combination parts is able to solve any kind of suspension, load distribution, stiffening and railing in construction projects.     

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Photo copyright:  Alexander Obst / Marion Schmieding

Project:               Free Flight Tensile Sculpture in Easterwood Airport, Texas A & M, College Station TX
Date: 2003
Specifier: Taeg Nishimoto
Photos: Carl Stahl DecorCable LLC, Chicago/IL, USA
Product: I-SYS stainless steel cable assemblies, diameter 2mm and 3mm, for suspension of sculpture

Warsaw Eastern Train Station now with X-TEND

Carl Stahl X-TEND mesh was installed for various applications at Warsaw Eastern Train Station.

X-TEND mesh is made from stainless steel wire rope and stands for durability, 3D-flexibility, resistance to impact loads and high aesthetic value for a long lifetime. The mesh is worldwide used for applications like decoration, fall protections, green facades, access prevention, bird protection mesh, balustrade in-fills, etc. -  or even to create waterfalls and 3-dimensional zoo enclosures. 

At Warsaw Train Station, design and security requirements demanded applying the mesh to cover external and interior parts of the main hall roof’s construction, for cladding of the steel sub-structure and as a bird protection, as well as on technical and ventilating platforms and air intakes. The project also included mesh covering of roof’s ventilating tower, shed for bicycles and balustrade in-fills next to technical platforms and maintenance pathways on the roof.

A big advantage of the X-Tend mesh is its 3-dimensional flexibility allowing installation on curvilinear surfaces that are very characteristic for the Warsaw Eastern Station building, which dates out of the 1960’s and is a piece of architecture to be preserved and renovated.
X-TEND mesh is available with many different mesh widths and a variety of wire rope diameter from 1mm to 4mm. Two different types of mesh were applied at Warsaw Eastern Train Station: in order to cover the main hall’s curved roof construction, a mesh with cable diameter 1,5mm and mesh width 40mm was used, to act as ceiling decoration and cover of surfaces, and at the same time it highlighted the roof’s construction, ventilation and technical platforms and air intakes.

A mesh made of cable diameter  3mm and mesh width 160mm was used for protection and decoration applications on the ventilation tower and technical platform’s railing situated on the roof, outside the main hall.

Carl Stahl Tech Service sp. Z.o.o. contributed to the successful renovation of the protected Warsaw Eastern Train Station building by enhancing the building’s modern aspect, lightness and functionality by the use of X-TEND mesh. (on behalf of: Andrzej Skraba, M.Sc.Eng – president of Carl Stahl Tech Service sp. Z o.o.)

X-TEND Stainless steel cable nets for parking garage façade in Sydney/Australia

A façade facing with 1,500 square metres of X-TEND stainless steel cable mesh was installed at the new parking garage at the Sydney International Airport. Designed and mounted by our sales partner Ronstan, X-TEND was installed as a continuous surface over a length of 71 metres and 8 stories on the southern side of the building.

The transparency of the X-TEND network and the seeming lightness of the mesh's edging as well as intermediate fastening with I-SYS cable assemblies corresponded to the desire of the developer for an aesthetic and almost invisible solution to secure against falling.

The high permeability of X-TEND and the unhampered passage of air as well as water accordingly satisfy local building regulations for the classification as an "open parking deck", which in turn reduces construction requirements on ventilation and sprinkler systems and leads to a reduction of the construction costs.

Iconic Construction

The region around Newcastle upon Tyne in North East England now boasts a new landmark. 3DReid Architect's innovative Air Traffic Control Tower at Newcastle International Airport is absolutely unique. X-TEND, by Carl Stahl, was used to create the transparent outer skin of this architecturally iconic building.

The significant growth in air traffic and increasing importance of Newcastle International Airport made a new tower an absolute necessity. Over five million passengers a year begin their journey in Newcastle, travelling to more than 80 destinations worldwide. The old Air Traffic Control Tower, dating from 1966, was simply no longer able to cope with these new requirements. Equipped with state-of-the-art air traffic control technology, the impressive 46-metre-high Air Traffic Control Tower is now situated on the accessible north side of the airfield. Its new site, at the runway's midpoint, guarantees a perfect view of the entire airfield as well as over the Tyne Valley and Northumberland right to the coast.

The circular base of the tower accommodates a lobby, offices, training and conference rooms, as well as approach control and plant room over two floors. The state-of-the-art control centre for the visual monitoring of air traffic is at 35 metres.

A unique construction consisting of around 44 tons of zinc-coated steel forms the framework of the hyperbolic-spiral-shaped tower. The focus of the striking design by 3DReid is a twisting latticework structure with concave sides, tapering towards the middle, and opening out again towards the top, wrapped around the concrete core of the tower. A delicate veil of X-TEND stainless steel mesh by Carl Stahl nestles against the latticework from the inside giving the impressive building a feeling of lightness. Depending on the perspective and fall of light, the X-TEND cladding creates different reflections and views. The result is a fascinating interaction of opacity and transparency

The X-TEND cloak around the Air Traffic Control Tower in Newcastle serves both an aesthetic and functional purpose at the same time, as well as keeping out the birds. In addition, the innovative combination of a steel construction and X-TEND enables completely new and inexpensive façade solutions in comparison to solid cladding.

The unusual façade construction presented a particular challenge for the mesh and steel construction engineers. For the very first time, a three-dimensional curved mesh with a surface area of around 2,000 square metres and a mesh width of 40 millimetres was assembled as a second skin. The specialist planners from Officium were integrated in the planning team of architects and structural engineers and, together with Ove Arup, created a number of special solutions for this purpose. The transparent tower façade was assembled by the specialists from Carl Stahl using their very own assembly technology adhering to the very tight schedule dictated to them.

The cladding of the Air Traffic Control Tower at Newcastle Airport has once more given Carl Stahl the opportunity to prove its competence in lightweight construction architecture whilst at the same time opening up a whole new range of possible implementations for X-TEND. A specific vibration analysis carried out on the Tower confirmed the structural and acoustic advantages of the mesh. Without the danger of frequency or noise generation, the stainless steel cable mesh X-TEND can be used outside over large areas with three-dimensional curvature.

Office Blank, Holzgerlingen

Konrad-Adenauer (Cologne/Bonn) Airport goes back some: the site was used for military purposes in the early 20th century and was cleared for civil aviation in 1926. Whereas, in 1950, a puny 154 planes took to the skies from here, by 2000 the figure had risen to over 155,000 with carryings of almost 6.4 million people. In the expectation that this heady trendy will continue, the managing company has now invested more than 600 million German marks on building a new terminal with sub-surface ICE and urban rapid transit railway stations, on two parking buildings and on a revamped road-access system.

At the heart of the project lies the steel and glass structure by noted architects Murphy/Jahn: 380 million marks went on building the 67,000 square-metre Terminal 2 alone. The canny plan by Helmut Jahn, an adopted US citizen, unites short routes in a transparent, intelligible manner. The completely glazed facade gives on visually to the runway. Supported by intricate intertwined steel columns, the largely glazed roof seems to hover weightlessly above the check-in hall.

The new parking buildings are also of composite steel construction: clear structures for compelling functions down to the last detail. Railings comprising stainless steel cords eight millimetres thick ensure the safety of pedestrians and motorists. Moreover, cables fitted horizontally act as way markers in the expanses of the airport.

Approx. 25 kilometres of stainless steel cord by Carl Stahl has been incorporated, or 3,600 units of cable of between 5 and 7.5 metres in length. Just under 15,000 locking rings hold the cords securely in place where they pass through steel posts. The upshot is a smart, visually sophisticated solution for railings that seamlessly meshes with the architectural scheme for the airport extension.

Text: Büro Blank, Holzgerlingen
Photos: Hans-Georg Esch, Hennef/Sieg

Airports often do face security problems in certain areas by unallowed items being thrown over barriers into already security-checked areas. X-TEND offers a longterm, maintenance-free and above all transparent solution to this problem, letting light and air pass unimpededly. The unlimited movement of air is an important issue in big buildings, like airport terminals and as well train stations halls, due to the existing air-conditioning and the necessary regulation of air streams.

In Copenhagen Airport, 200m² of X-TEND stainless steel cable mesh with a small mesh width of 25mm was installed in long panels above the existing dividers and glass elements, thus granting the necessary security whilst maintaining the required transmissibility of light and air.